On August 25, the California Air Resources Board passed the Advanced Clean Cars II plan to reduce emissions from passenger cars, trucks, and light SUVs beginning with model year 2026 through 2035. By 2035, all new passenger cars, trucks, and SUVs sold in California will be zero-emission vehicles under the new rules. Ford released a statement in support of California’s new rules, but before we get into the details, let’s take a look at CARB’s proposal so we can find out what the company was speaking out for.
About the California Advanced Clean Cars II Regulations
According to the California Air Resources Board (CARB), the Advanced Clean Cars II proposal will rapidly reduce emissions from passenger cars, trucks and light SUVs beginning in model year 2026 through 2035.
The commitment is twofold.
The Netherlands has adopted several pollution-related measures, such as limiting the burning of biomass and reducing CO2 emissions from transport. The country’s current climate change strategy includes a series of binding regulations that limit the use of conventional fossil and nuclear fuels to curb global warming. The first measure adopted is that which aims to regulate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from cars with the aim of complying with environmental standards.
Second, the proposal gradually extends stricter emissions standards for gasoline-powered automobiles and heavier passenger trucks to continue to reduce smog-forming emissions throughout the transition from fossil fuels to 100% electric driving. by 2035.
This is much easier since California already has the largest market for zero-emission vehicles in the country, with more than 16% of new vehicles sold being zero-emissions or plug-in hybrids. The following chart illustrates the expected annual requirement for zero-emission vehicles.
The EPA’s proposed clean air rule will reduce fine particulate pollution and nitrogen oxide, both of which are linked to increased health risks. The proposal will also significantly reduce air pollutants that endanger public health and contribute to climate change, according to CARB. By decreasing early mortality, hospitalizations and lost workdays caused by exposure to air pollution, the settlement will provide public health benefits of at least $12 billion over its life cycle.
A common criticism of EV mandates is that spending can be costly for the poor and other marginalized groups. The new regulations also keep in mind that not everyone in the state is on equal footing financially and otherwise. CARB points out that climate change and air pollution negatively impact all Californians, but those in frontline communities are particularly vulnerable and often suffer the most severe consequences.
More than 20 different national, state, and local organizations were consulted to better understand their thoughts on the proposed regulations and how transportation electrification could be improved from an equity perspective. However, not all suggestions have been considered, but CARB claims to have created a well-balanced regulatory design to accommodate these suggestions to the extent possible.
Above all, the regulatory plans will reduce exposure to vehicle pollution in California’s frontline communities, which are disproportionately impacted by automobile emissions. In addition, the insurance measures proposed for zero-emission vehicles will help ensure that all consumers can replace their fossil-fuel vehicles with new or used emission-free vehicles that meet their transportation needs. These proposals include minimum warranty and durability requirements, increased serviceability, and easier battery charging and labeling.
Used vehicle sales are very important in underserved and low-income communities. By implementing these measures, we can give consumers peace of mind that their used zero-emission vehicle meets the minimum requirements, helping to drive wider market adoption.
Finally, the proposal gives automakers a better chance to follow the state’s lead in caring for overburdened, low-income communities by making zero-emission vehicles more accessible. This may involve the provision of zero-emission vehicles at reduced prices for community mobility programs or the production of affordable zero-emission vehicles, among others.
Consumers who want to switch to electric vehicles or use other clean modes of transportation have a range of incentive programs available. The California Air Resources Board is developing the incentives, which include rebates for clean new and used cars, funding for charging options and alternatives to owning a car, such as carpooling and carpooling. Governor Newsom’s $2.4 billion investment will support the proposed settlement.
CARB also points out that in the first 10 years of ownership, buyers of zero-emission vehicles are likely to realize maintenance and operating savings of up to $7,500. By 2025, automakers are expected to offer 179 models of zero-emission, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, making it easier than ever for consumers to find a clean vehicle that fits their daily needs and lifestyle.
Other states will follow
Currently, 17 states have enacted low-emission and zero-emission vehicle laws that are authorized under Section 177 of the Clean Air Act. This new market expansion means that more than 35% of new domestic light-duty vehicle purchases meet California vehicle emissions standards.
Statement from Ford in support of this proposal
Ford Chief Sustainability Officer Bob Holycross released the following statement in response to the proposed settlement:
“At Ford, addressing climate change is a strategic priority, and we are proud of our partnership with California for tougher vehicle emissions standards, forged at a time when climate action was under attack. Commit to building a zero-emission transportation future that includes everyone, backed by our own investments of more than $50 billion by 2026 in electric vehicles and batteries The CARB Advanced Clean Cars Rule II is a landmark standard that will define clean transportation and serve as an example in the United States.
Ford prepares for this day
This recent round of new regulations should come as no surprise to anyone. The news that this was happening has been around for some time, and the writing had been on the wall long before that. Ford knew this and other global mandates were coming and did what it could to prepare. Given that it’s prepared for it and has a plan to survive the transition as a company, it makes sense that Ford would support the rule today.
It also sets Ford apart from other automakers, companies that have sided with Donald Trump against California in recent years.
Featured image courtesy of Ford.
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